TODAY IS INTERNATIONAL ‘LIVER’ DAY – PREVENTION OF LIVER DISEASES

The liver, biliary system and pancreas are closely related anatomically and physiologically.

The liver is the largest organ in the body. It lies in the right upper quadrant under the diaphragm, and except for the lower margin, it is enclosed by the ribs.

The liver receives blood from the hepatic artery and portal vein. One thirds of the blood supply is arterial, and the other two thirds is venous blood from the stomach, intestine, spleen and pancreas. Blood leaves the liver through the hepatic vein.

MAJOR FUNCTIONS OF THE LIVER

  • Formation and excretion of bile
  • Bilirubin metabolism
  • Carbohydrate metabolism
  • Glycogenesis
  • Glycogenolysis
  • Gluconeogenesis
  • Protein metabolism
  • Protein synthesis
  • Albumin
  • Globulins
  • Blood clotting factors including fibrinogen and prothrombin
  • Urea formation
  • Fat metabolism a) cholesterol synthesis b) triglyceride formation c) Ketogenesis
  • Vitamin and mineral storage
  • Metabolism of steroids
  • Detoxification of drugs
  • Phagocytosis
  • Signs and symptoms liver diseases

    Serious damage to the liver and pancreas may be prevented by early detection. Problems of the liver can lead to nausea, vomiting, anorexia, and indigestion and may be associated with weight loss. Weight gain may occur with liver disorders that result in fluid retention.

    Persons showing signs of dark urine, light stool, jaundice, or digestive and malabsorptive problems should be referred to a physician for immediate care.

    PREVENTION

  • Regular exercise or 45 m walking every day
  • Adequate sleep
  • Avoid stress
  • Don’t eat fatty food or junk food
  • Don’t drink coffee every day
  • Alcohol is the main problem for liver so stop abuse Alcohol
  • 1
    Back to top button