Police and public order are State subjects as per the Constitution. States are responsible for prevention, detection and investigation of cyber crimes through their law enforcement machinery as per the relevant sections of the Indian Penal Code and the Information Technology Act, 2000.
Law enforcement agencies monitor the web and social media and take appropriate action for blocking of such unlawful content under section 69A of the Information Technology Act, 2000.
Committee constituted under Information Technology (Procedure and Safeguards for Blocking for Access of Information by Public) Rules, 2009 periodically monitors the compliance of the directions issued under the provisions of Information Technology Act, 2000.
Government holds meetings with intermediaries from time to time for strengthening the cooperation framework to ensure better compliance.
As per data released by Government, recommendations were made to block several URLs in different social media platforms.
So, while recommendations were made for 1076 and 182 respectively on Facebook and Youtube, only 956 and 152 such URLs were actually blocked.
Similarly, for Twitter and Instagram, recommendations were made to block 728 and 150 URLs respectively, actually only 409 and 66 URLs were blocked.
This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Hansraj Gangaram Ahir in a written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today.>