History of 23rd January

1897 – Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian nationalist, was born

1907 – Charles Curtis, of Kansas, began serving in the United States Senate. He was the first American Indian to become a U.S. Senator. He resigned in March of 1929 to become U.S. President Herbert Hoover’s Vice President.

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1920 – The Dutch government refused the demands from the Allies to hand over the ex-kaiser of Germany.

1924 – The first Labour government was formed, under Ramsay MacDonald.

1926 — Bal Thackeray, politician and founder of Shiv Sena, was born

1937 – In Moscow, seventeen people went on trial during Josef Stalin’s “Great Purge.”

1941 – The play, “Lady in the Dark” premiered.

1943 – Duke Ellington and the band played for a black-tie crowd at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time.

1943 – The British captured Tripoli from the Germans

1947 — Ramesh Sippy, Hindi film director, was born

1950 – The Israeli Knesset approved a resolution proclaiming Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

1960 – The U.S. Navy bathyscaphe Trieste descended to a record depth of 35,820 feet (10,750 meters) in the Pacific Ocean.

1964 – Ratification of the 24th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was completed. This amendment eliminated the poll tax in federal elections.

1968 – North Korea seized the U.S. Navy ship Pueblo, charging it had intruded into the nation’s territorial waters on a spying mission. The crew was released 11 months later.

1971 – In Prospect Creek Camp, AK, the lowest temperature ever recorded in the U.S. was reported as minus 80 degrees.

1971 — Nirosha, South Indian film actress, was born

1971 — Yogiji Maharaj, spiritual guru, passed away

1973 – U.S. President Nixon announced that an accord had been reached to end the Vietnam War.

1974 – Mike Oldfield’s “Tubular Bells” opened the credits of the movie, “The Exorcist”.

1975 – “Barney Miller” made his debut on ABC-TV.

1977 – The TV mini-series “Roots,” began airing on ABC. The show was based on the Alex Haley novel.

1978 – Sweden banned aerosol sprays because of damage to the environment. They were the first country to do so.

1983 – “The A-Team” debuted on TV.

1985 – O.J. Simpson became the first Heisman Trophy winner to be elected to pro football’s Hall of Fame in Canton, OH.

1985 – The proceedings of the House of Lords were televised for the first time.

1989 – Surrealist artist Salvador Dali died in Spain at age 84.

1997 – A judge in Fairfax, VA, sentenced Mir Aimal Kasi to death for an assault rifle attack outside the CIA headquarters in 1993 that killed two men and wounded three other people.

1997 – A British woman received record £186,000 damages for Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI).

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