Barrackpore, West Bengal
As we all say “It started from here”. The famous rebellion of 1857 started from Barrackpore, when a sepoy Mangal Pandey declared war against his commanders. It all actually started from here and we all still remember the bloodshed and war that happened afterwards.
Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh
The city of Jhansi, also known as the City of Rani Lakshmi Bai served as another place where the spark of Sepoy mutiny reached and later turned into war. Lakshmi Bai is one of the most famous and courageous female soldier crucial to Indian independence.
Bombay (now Mumbai), Maharashtra
Bombay was an important place during the Independence movement of India. Congress (now Indian National Congress) was founded in Bombay by Allan Octavian Hume. There are so many places in Mumbai that bear testimony to Indian freedom and make India proud .
Calcutta, (now Kolkata), Bengal
Calcutta remained the centre of Indian nationalism throughout the Indian Independence struggle. Indian National Association was the first nationalist organisation that was founded in Calcutta by Surendranath Banerjee and Anandamohan Bose. Calcutta was the hub of creative minds and Indian leaders and strategies were made here of how to free India from the chains of British.
Champaran Satyagraha was Mahatama Gandhi’s first successful achievement after he came back from India. Britishers, at that time forced, Indian farmers to cultivate indigo, used for dying cloths and not the food crops that was necessary for survival.Gandhi fought non-violently and this later came to be the place from where non-violence politics started.
Jallianwala Bagh, Punjab
The Jallianwala Bagh is known for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre that took place on 13th April 1919. British Army Commander Reginald Dyer ordered his troops to open fire on the crowd of Baishakhi Pilgrims and non-violent protesters. Approximately 1650 rounds were fired on innocent crowd leading to 379 deaths and 1200 wounded (British government data). This was one of the cruellest acts of human slaughter in the history of Indian freedom struggle.
Kakori, Uttar Pradesh
This place is famous for the Kakori Conspiracy that took place on 9th August 1925. Indian revolutionaries required money to carry out their activities and to create a positive image of the Hindustan Republican Association. They looted around INR 8000 from the train carrying money-bags belonging to the British government treasury. This incident shook the British government as it was the first case in history when British property was looted.>