The 2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was today awarded to Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank & Richard Henderson for developing cryo-electron (Cryo-EM) microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution. The work essentially deals with capturing extremely high resolution images of a biomolecules. One of the applications of the three technology will be in medicine in health. In awarding the three the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said that their “technology has taken biochemistry into a new era.” The Cryo-EM method makes it possible to portray biomolecules in a 3D form after freezing them very fast. The method does so in a way that the biomolecules are preserved in their natural shape.
The three’s work has also led to an improvement in the electron microscope’s resolution. Due to their work, electron microscopes are now able to visualise proteins at atomic resolution.