With agriculture activities in India still depending on groundwater for irrigation, the country’s cultivated land is shrinking.
This is primarily being blamed on the depleting ground water levels and extreme weather conditions.
This will impact the agriculture output and may upset the central government’s target of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.
“Depleting water levels are one of the major concerns for agriculture. In areas that are mainly dependent on groundwater for irrigation, we have seen a continuous decline in farm lands that were being cultivated. This, if ignored, can be problematic,” said a NITI Aayog official.
NITI Aayog is conducting a study on the shrinking agriculture land and water usage in agriculture sector.
It is to be mentioned that government data, at least in 2017, nearly 40 lakh hectares of agricultural land was impacted because of water woes.
According to the Economic Survey Report 2017-18, area for cultivation of sugarcane in 2016-17 was down by 10.9 per cent, compared to that in 2015-16.
The total area for cultivation of cotton also saw a decline by 11.1 per cent and Jowar saw its total cultivation area dropping by 15.4 per cent.>